Alopecia

Alopecia Areata, A brief detail on it. Let's begin.

It’s normal to lose hair strands daily up to 50-100 as our hair is made up of keratin (a type of protein), which is produced in hair follicles and our hair grows about 6 inches in a year. As our old hair fall and new hair take their places. But when the situation goes beyond the normal condition leads to alopecia that is a medical condition commonly known as hair loss. Depending on the pattern and conditions there are many types of alopecia.

Let’s have a glance at different types of Alopecia and their reasons and symptoms:

ALOPECIA AREATA:

Alopecia areata is a condition often starts suddenly in which localized hairless patches appear. It mainly affects teenagers and young adults. It’s an auto-immune condition; our immune system has by mistaken attacked our hair follicle. It’s completely not contagious and also associated with the heredity factor. But in more than 90% cases hairs return back within few years and with early treatment, it restores to a natural condition in less than a year.

SCARRING ALOPECIA:

It is associated with the permanent hair loss accompanied by scarring. It is also known as cicatricial alopecia caused by various disorders and the exact cause is still unknown. It destroys the hair follicles and results in no new hair growth.

In various conditions, it does not show any symptom for long period and hair loss is gradual whereas in other cases, it shows symptoms like itching, burning, and pain. The inflammation which causes permanent damage to hair follicle is due to the following reasons namely lichen planus, folliculitis decalvans, and frontal fibrosing alopecia. It affects both men and women and it is not a contagious disease and not associated with the hereditary factor.

TELOGEN EFFLUVIUM:

It is a temporary scalp disorder results in thinning and shedding of hairs. It can occur due to physiological and emotional stress, medication, pregnancy, hectic lifestyle, recent surgery long illness, food habit etc. Generally, hairs come back within a year.

ANAGEN EFFLUVIUM:

It is a pathologic loss which affects the growth of hairs. It affects the head face and body and caused by radiation therapy mainly chemotherapy used for the treatment of hairs. In this condition, hairs may re-grow.

INVOUTIONAL ALOPECIA:

Most of the people with their growing ages face problems of thinning of hairs and which further lead to decrease in volume of hair as more and more hair follicles get dormant.

TREATMENT AVAILABILITY

With the advanced technologies and medical science, now curing alopecia has become quite effortless and effective. Many hair transplantations, replacement, and repair techniques are available at different clinics.  As so many causes affect hair growth and lead to hair loss, approaching the right expert at right time benefit you to save your beauty, money and time. HOS’s doctors can help you in this regard as they observe your scalp first by asking and analyzing and then after identifying the exact problem helps you to choose a right treatment.